1. Use the head
You can sometimes figure out what bird you are looking at by studying his head. To begin with, check to see if its head is a solid color. Note the particular color and any other colors on his head. Does he have a crest, which means does he have a pointed head?
Some birds appear to be wearing a cap or a hood. A dark spot on top of a bird’s head is called a cap. A hood is a distinctively colored set of feathers that cover part of the head and neck.